Posts Tagged ‘autism’
This theory starts from the assumption that mental states (‘what a person thinks’) are not directly observable, but they must first be deducted. This deduction requires a complex cognitive mechanism. The ability to attribute mental states – such as intentions, wishes, ideas, knowledge, etc.. – To himself and to others is called theory of mind. It is assumed that this ability is impaired in people with autism. Read the rest of this entry »
How difficult for many parents accept their children as they are, right? Especially when the child leaves with a character and interests as completely different from theirs. Some even feel cheated because for them the child can not disappoint them and therefore that it is helping educate children to realize their potential, is out of context. Read the rest of this entry »
Autism is a disorder in children is more prevalent in boys than in girls. The skills of an autistic child can be high or low depending on both their level of IQ and verbal communication skills.
What causes autism?
The causes of autism are still unknown, but there are some theories that may explain the disease:
1. The autistic child’s relationship with their environment and their social environment. Some studies link autism with a lack of affection in childhood. On occasion, has been linked autism with an education supported by distant parents, cold and too intellectual.
2. Shortcomings and cognitive abnormalities. Seems to be some neurological basis in the development of this disease, although not proven.
3. Basic biochemical processes. They found an excess secretion of serotonin in platelets of autistic children. Read the rest of this entry »
Among the various causes that lead to autism is one, too, the hypothesis of a failure to develop a so-called “theory of mind.”
Possessing a theory of mind is to attribute mental states, that is, desires, emotions, intentions, thoughts and beliefs to themselves and to others and, based on what, to expect that people will behave in relation to their internal states, to what want, think and feel.
Reviewing the historical stages of theory of mind, it is necessary to mention, first, the experimental work carried out by Premack and Woodruff On the other hand, the “task of false belief” by Wimmer and Perner. Read the rest of this entry »
Recent cognitive theories identify the distortion of the report
interpersonal early the fundamental characteristic of autism.
The theory of mind now provides one of the most compelling etiological hypothesis
autism, focusing on the analysis of their relationship difficulties of the child.
Possessing a theory of mind is to attribute mental states (desires,
emotions, intentions, thoughts and beliefs) to themselves and others, and provide
Therefore, the behavior of people on the basis of their internal states.
Baron-Cohen, Leslie, Frith have shown experimentally that the children
autism have similar capabilities to their normal peers in giving a
physical causality in an event, but would be unable to represent the state
mental self and others, this reveals that the autistic child is deficient
the ability to differentiate the actual state of things from the representation
mental. Read the rest of this entry »
Autism is a brain disorder. People with autism have difficulty communicating and interacting with others. A child with autism may seem very withdrawn, may not make eye contact with people, can not talk or play the same way as other children do, or may repeat certain motions and behaviors over and over again.
Signs of autism can vary from person to person. They can also be worse in some people than others. You could say that a person has “low-functioning autism” or “high functioning autism,” depending on the severity of symptoms and test results of IQ (intelligence). Some of the more common signs are listed in the table presented below. Read the rest of this entry »
This is a term that you may find it strange, so strange as we were when we started to figure out what it was. It was even difficult to find explanations to some doctor friends of this journal, many of whom had no idea what we were talking about and still do not. However, not ignore it no longer exists: Asperger Syndrome
This syndrome is described as the most moderate and greater degree of functioning of what is known as the spectrum of pervasive developmental disorders, or so-called autism.
The term “Asperger Syndrome” (SA) is reserved for those who, living day to day in a box with autism, have a proper intellectual development.
According to experts, the SA results in a neurological disorder of unknown cause, in most cases, in which there are deviations or abnormalities in regard to social skills, language usage and characteristics of repeated or persistent behavior and a limited-but-intense range of interests. Read the rest of this entry »